Below are two articles I took from Beautytech.com. Please follow this link and read ALL the
articles, which are very informative and can help you decide whether or not to take off your MMA nails and move on to products
that will not harm you.
Information about acrylic liquid monomer chemicals:
The 2 types of acrylic liquid monomer chemical used in our industry are:
EMA - Ethyl Methacrylate
MMA - Methyl Methacrylate.
The CIR (Cosmetic Review Board) has tested the more commonly used EMA liquid and found it "safe enough to
be used by the consumer" but recommend it to be used by trained professionals. (7/99)
The NMC (Nail Manufacturers Council) and the ABA (American Beauty Council) have also "taken the position
that MMA should not be used in nail products". (9/7/01)
The FDA, as far back as early 1970's, has stated, and still states, that MMA is a poisonous and deleterious
substance and should not be used in liquid acrylic monomer for nail products. 3/2000
MMA is a very hard substance when cured (dry). Removal and maintenance of a MMA enhancement usually involves
the use of a drill (electric file or e-file as we call it). E-files, when used by a technician who has been fully trained,
are not dangerous or harmful to the natural nail plate. However, many who use this tool are untrained and have been known
to cause pain and excessive damage to the nail plate - rings of fire - by drilling into the nail plate, sometimes THROUGH the nail plate into the nail bed (sometimes this causes permanent damage).
When a nail enhancement of MMA is banged or knocked, it has little to no flexibility and will break severely,
often taking the nail plate with it. EMA is formulated to be flexible, the enhancement will break or crack, sometimes the
nail will break off, but will not usually damage the nail plate.
MMA does not soak off easily or in a reasonable length of time, causing undue exposure to acetone while soaking.
Most Non-Standard salons (NSS*) will simply RIP the nails off or pry them off causing extreme damage to the natural nail plate.
If a weakened nail plate or damaged nail plate is already present, (normal is when MMA is used) the exposure problems while
soaking off MMA become a larger concern, not to mention the ill effects and pain of ripping off the enhancements. EMA should
take about 20 minutes or less to soak off, while MMA will take two or more hours to remove by soaking in acetone.
To make MMA adhere well to the nail, overly rough preparation methods are used. The nail plate is "roughed
up" with a coarse file or an electric file, creating in effect, a shag carpet look to the nail plate, giving the MMA something
to adhere to. This process thins and weakens the nail plate allowing more chemicals to be absorbed through the weakened nail
plate during application and curing time. All acrylic enhancements, while hard enough to file in 1-4 minutes, continue to
cure for as long as 36-48 hours after application.
Warning signs of MMA use:
MMA has an unusually strong or strange odor which doesn't smell like other acrylic liquids. Odor is present
during application and when filing cured product (for fill-ins or repairs).
Enhancements which are extremely hard and very difficult to file even with coarse abrasives.
Enhancements that will not soak off in solvents designed to remove acrylics.
Cloudy or milky color when cured.
Additional warning signs though less definitive:
Low price of fills and full sets (MMA cost 1/3 of EMA)
Dust or ventilation masks used (many technicians use dust masks today who do not use MMA)
Unlabeled containers - technician will not show or tell the client what brand of product is being used
MMA is present in almost every acrylic polymer (powder) on the market. This is
entirely acceptable. Only MMA in it's liquid form is dangerous. Nail glues,
wraps, and gels also have a small amount of solid PMMA, this is also acceptable in this chemical state.
* A Non-Standard Salon (NSS) is usually lacking in or follows poor sanitation
practices, uses inferior and/or prohibited products, and under trained or non-licensed technicians.
The above information was taken from the Beautytech Website. You can access this
site by going to: http://www.beautytech.info/mma.htm
|Rings of fire by unskilled tech. NOT PRETTY!
|This is what $15 nails look like. Your nails deserve to look MUCH better than this!
Getting your nails done at the salon should be a relaxing experience. If you feel pain and extreme heat with the use
of a drill, your tech is INEXPERIENCED and UNTRAINED. Pain
and heat are associated with the use of MMA, a liquid product that is BANNED from use by the FDA AND the
PA Board of Cosmetology.
You know the saying, "you get what you pay for?" Well, it is true in this industry. If you like to have pain and nails
that are unbalanced, and well, I hate to say it, UGLY, then continue to patronize your favorite discount shop. If you want
nails that are BEAUTIFUL without the pain and heat, you will pay more, but you will walk out of here with nails that
you never knew you could have.
Call me to find out if you have MMA on your nails. It is easy for me to detect. You can, too. Just look
for the tell-tale "RINGS OF FIRE," and the yellow/browny color the MMA turns after about a month.
You think that your nails do not have MMA on them? Think again! There are places in the Upper Perkiomen Valley using
this liquid on their patrons. Remember that MMA is banned by the FDA and the Pennsylvania State Board of Cosmetology. Is that
what you want on your nails?
|This is what your nails DESERVE! Beautiful nails!
|Which one would you like YOUR nails to look like? OH, no pain, either!
Don't Let THIS Happen to YOU!
18, 2002 -- A Channel 2 consumer investigation
uncovers how women across Georgia are being exposed to a potentially dangerous chemical each time they get
their nails done.
The substance is called MMA. The nail industry admits its unsafe. Federal regulators call it hazardous,
yet Channel 2 found evidence that the chemical is a mainstay in Georgia's
discount nail salons.
The feds have known of the danger for 25 years. That's when they first took action against methyl
methacrylate (MMA), an acrylic bonding agent so strong it's perfect to make dentures and to adhere to artificial limbs...
use it to make fake nails -- that's risky. Just the ask the woman who found out too late. Her beautiful discount manicure
would cost more than she ever imagined.
"I was like, hey, I'll have beautiful, long, perfectly smooth nails," said
Randi Shuford. "Pure vanity."
She is a writer. She says her experience with methyl methacrylate would be a horror story.
You can see why.
It makes beautiful acrylic nails, but there's a big cost to it. Shuford says the problems started
soon after she got acrylic nails at a discount salon.
"My nails started hurting and my skin was getting sore and was
turning white," she said.
After two months of pain she had the fakes pried off. Her real nails had become paper thin
"I have no real nails now as a result of it," Shuford said.
Acryllic nails start as a paste made
of powder and liquid chemicals. Nail technician Barbara Patterson says when the liquid is MMA, the resulting nails bond too
"The acryllic nail won't release," Patterson said. "If this were an MMA nail when she catches a nail, it will
stay there and pull the nail itself away from the nail bed."
The result would be very painful.
MMA nails can
leave deep ridges in the natural nail below.
"And it is a very dangerous chemical and a lot f people don't know they're
using it," said Shuford.
The FDA first warned about MMA in 1974, calling it a poisonous and deleterious substance.
The industry quickly responded with new, safer chemicals, so the feds never issued an outright ban.
But the safer chemical
Patterson uses is $300 a gallon compared to the MMA product at $50 dollars
"I went for the easiest and the cheapest, and that wasn't a very good idea," said Shuford.
owner An Thung was so confident that he doesn't use the cheaper MMA, he gave us a sample to prove his chemical was MMA free.
methacrylate is so nasty, scientists at Georgia Tech wouldn't even test for it, for fear it would contaminate their equipment.
They sent us to a sophisticated testing lab in St. Louis, Mo.
needed less than a drop. It took only moments in their high-tech furnace to separate and identify what it was.
methacrylate was found.
The chemical was traced back to a supply house on Buford
The owner says he's trying to wean hundreds of salons off MMA, but makes no apologies
for selling it.
"I can tell you it's not good for you to use it, but if you choose to, who am I to stop you?" asks
Long Truong La City Nail Supply.
The number of licensed nail salons in Georgia
has now skyrocketed to more than 1,700. All that competition makes a cheap chemical like MMA very appealing.
some states, including nearby Tennessee, have passed their
own rules against MMA. So, where does Georgia
Even though the FDA has called it a hazardous substance, it's not been banned. Tomorrow, learn why MMA is still
legal here and what regulators are waiting for. Also, learn some of the MMA red flags to look for in your favorite salon.
|"I have no real nails now as a result of it"|
By Jim Strickland, Channel 2's consumer investigator
Dangerous nail liquid is widely used in Georgia
By Jim Strickland, Channel 2 Action News consumer investigator
February 19, 2002 -- A Channel 2 consumer investigation discovered those long and lovely acrylic nails may come with
a heavy price.
The investigation found evidence that discount nail salons across Georgia are using a chemical deemed
poisonous by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Why won't state regulators do anything about it?
It's not like
the state isn't trying. Part of the problem is that MMA, deemed to be a poison, looks and smells a lot like another chemical,
which is perfectly safe. Channel 2 had to go half way across the country just to tell which was which.
At the La City
Nail Supply store on Buford Highway, salons from Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina, even Virginia, stock up on equipment and
chemicals. Channel 2 visited the store.
Asked if he knew the product used to make acrylic nails is made from the chemical
methyl methacrylate (MMA), the owner, Long Truong, said "Yeah."
"My nails were produced with MMA," said Randi Shuford.
She says the ruby liquid in her fake nails destroyed her real nails. "You're stuck with nails that look even worse than when
you got the acrylics." Shuford said she did it out of vanity.
The Nail Manufacturers' Council says use of MMA is unsafe
and unwise. The FDA calls it a poisonous and deleterious substance. Yet, in Georgia, sources say its use is widespread and
"Even though the FDA has called it a hazardous substance, it's not been banned," said Molly Fleeman, who
directs the state responsible for regulating 1,700 Georgia nail salons. She says state inspectors who routinely check sanitation
can do little about MMA.
State regulators say they can't crack down on methyl methacrylate until they come up with
a way to prove salons are using it.
To get proof, Channel 2 had to go to a sophisticated testing lab in St. Louis.
the only component we found in your sample was methyl methacrylate," said Dr. David Dowell. He says his test is fool proof,
but also expensive. Testing an eyedropper full of ruby liquid cost $800.
"Everybody doesn't have access to instruments
like this so I'm not sure if there is a spot test," Dr. Dowell said. "I would be surprised if there is an accurate spot test
for this type of thing."
At the salon where Randi Shuford got her nails, the owner said he didn't know what was in
So, how are you supposed to know?
Ask to see the original container and look for the ingredient ethyl
methacrylate. EMA is the safer cousin to MMA.
Bobbi Trauner's been getting EMA nails for 18 years. Yet in a pinch,
she went to a suspected MMA nail shop, and saw another telltale sign.
"The first thing I noticed was everyone was wearing
masks and it made me wonder why I wasn't wearing a mask," Trauner.
MMA nails are so hard, nail technicians commonly
use drills to shape them and wear masks because of the dust. EMA nails are easily hand-finished, leaving the natural nail
That's a stark contrast to Randi Shuford's fingers.
"It's horrifying to think people are using something
that's turn your nails into jelly," said Shuford.